Tag Archive for: food

One of the most important determinants of fat loss is energy balance or the balance between the energy we consume through food and beverages and the energy we expend through physical activity and other bodily functions. When energy intake exceeds energy expenditure, the body stores the excess energy as fat, leading to weight gain. Conversely, when energy expenditure exceeds intake, the body must draw on its stored energy, resulting in fat loss.

Difference between fat loss vs weight loss:

Fat loss and weight loss may seem like interchangeable terms, but they are quite different.

So what’s the difference? Well, fat loss is more specific and targeted. When you lose fat you’re focusing on reducing the amount of adipose tissue, or fat in your body. This can improve your overall health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Weight loss on the other hand can be more general. When you lose weight, you could be losing fat, muscle, water, or even bone mass. While losing weight may result in some fat loss, it’s not the same thing as targeting fat loss specifically.

To lose fat, it is necessary to create an energy deficit by reducing energy intake or increasing energy expenditure, or ideally, doing both. Several strategies can help achieve this:

  • Diet: Reducing energy intake through diet is one of the most effective ways to create an energy deficit and promote fat loss. This can be achieved by cutting back on calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods such as processed snacks and sweets, and increasing the intake of nutrient-dense, low-calorie foods such as fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Research has shown that high-protein diets are particularly effective for fat loss, as protein can help preserve muscle mass and increase feelings of fullness, which can help with weight management.
  • Physical activity: Increasing energy expenditure through physical activity is another key strategy for fat loss. Regular exercise has been shown to increase metabolic rate, reduce abdominal fat, and improve insulin sensitivity, all of which can help with weight management. In addition to its direct effects on fat loss, physical activity has numerous other health benefits, including improving cardiovascular fitness, mental health, and bone health.
  • Lifestyle factors: Several lifestyle factors can impact energy balance and fat loss. Getting sufficient sleep, managing stress, and limiting alcohol intake can all help with weight management. Poor sleep and high levels of stress can disrupt hormone balance and increase the risk of weight gain, while excessive alcohol intake can contribute to weight gain by providing excess calories.

It is important to note that while creating an energy deficit is necessary for fat loss, the size of the deficit and the rate of weight loss can vary depending on individual circumstances. Factors such as age, gender, genetics, and starting weight can all impact the rate at which fat is lost. In general, it is recommended to aim for a weight loss of 0.5-2 lbs (0.2-0.9 kg) per week, as this is a safe and sustainable rate of loss that allows the body to adjust and minimize the risk of muscle loss.

Another important consideration when it comes to fat loss is the role of weight training. While aerobic exercises such as walking, jogging, and cycling can be effective for burning calories and promoting fat loss, weight training can also play a key role. Resistance training can help increase muscle mass, which can in turn increase metabolic rate and make it easier to maintain weight loss.

Myths about fat loss:

Myth 1: Low-fat diets are the best way to lose fat.

While it is true that creating a calorie deficit is important for fat loss, the type of calories consumed can also play a role. Low-fat diets, which are based on the idea that fat is the main cause of weight gain, have been popular for many years. However, there is little evidence to support their effectiveness for fat loss. Some research suggests that low-fat diets may be less effective than other types of diets, such as low-carb or high-protein diets, for weight loss.

Myth 2: Spot reduction is possible.

Spot reduction is the idea that it is possible to target specific areas of the body for fat loss, such as the belly or thighs, by doing exercises that specifically target those areas. However, this is not supported by scientific evidence. Fat loss occurs when the body uses stored fat as energy, and this process is largely controlled by hormones and genetics. It is not possible to selectively target specific areas of the body for fat loss.

Myth 3: Carbohydrates are bad for fat loss.

Carbohydrates have often been demonized as a cause of weight gain and poor health. However, this is not supported by scientific evidence. Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for the body, and they play several important roles in health. While it is true that reducing carbohydrate intake can be effective for weight loss, this is likely due to the calorie deficit that is created, rather than any specific effect of carbohydrates on fat loss.

Myth 4: Supplements and weight loss pills are effective for fat loss.

There are many supplements and weight loss pills on the market that claim to help with fat loss. However, the vast majority of these products have little to no scientific evidence to support their effectiveness. Some weight loss supplements can be dangerous and may even cause long-term health problems. The best way to lose fat is through a combination of diet and exercise, and there is no shortcut or quick fix.

Stress and fat loss:

When the body experiences stress, it activates the stress response, which involves the release of stress hormones such as cortisol. These hormones help the body cope with the perceived threat or challenge by increasing energy availability. This is achieved through several mechanisms, including the breakdown of stored glycogen and fat, and the suppression of non-essential processes such as digestion and immune function.

In the short term, this stress response can be beneficial, as it provides the body with the energy it needs to cope with the stressor. However, chronic or excessive stress can lead to an imbalance in energy metabolism, which can lead to weight gain or difficulty losing weight.

The relationship between stress and weight gain:

There is evidence to suggest that stress is associated with weight gain in several ways. One of how stress can lead to weight gain is by increasing appetite and food intake. Stress has been shown to increase levels of appetite-stimulating hormones such as ghrelin, and to reduce levels of appetite-suppressing hormones such as leptin. This can lead to an increase in food intake, particularly of high-fat, high-sugar, or comfort foods.

Stress can also lead to weight gain by disrupting the body’s ability to use energy effectively. Chronic stress has been shown to increase insulin resistance, which can lead to an increase in fat storage. Stress can also disrupt sleep, which can have negative effects on metabolism and energy balance.

Strategies for managing stress and promoting fat loss:

Given the negative effects of stress on energy balance and weight, it is important to find ways to manage stress to promote fat loss. Here are a few strategies that may be helpful:

  • Practice mindful eating: When we are stressed, it can be easy to turn to food as a coping mechanism. However, this often leads to overeating or making unhealthy food choices. To counteract this, try to be more mindful when you eat. This means paying attention to your food and the sensations of hunger and fullness. Take the time to sit down and enjoy your meals, rather than eating on the go.
  • Incorporate stress-reducing foods into your diet: Certain foods can help to reduce stress and improve overall well-being. These include foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as fatty fish, nuts, and seeds. Turmeric, a spice commonly used in Indian cuisine, has also been shown to have stress-reducing properties.
  • Don’t skip meals: It can be tempting to skip meals when you are feeling overwhelmed, but this can increase stress and make it harder to lose fat. Instead, try to stick to a regular meal schedule and make sure to include balanced, nourishing meals.
  • Stay hydrated: Dehydration can contribute to feelings of stress and fatigue. Make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to stay hydrated and reduce stress.
  • Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep can increase stress and make it harder to lose fat. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night to help manage stress and support fat loss.
  • Incorporate physical activity: Exercise has been shown to reduce stress and improve overall well-being. Find an activity that you enjoy and aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.
  • Try stress-reducing techniques: In addition to diet and exercise, several stress-reducing techniques can be helpful, such as meditation, deep breathing, and yoga. Find what works best for you and try to incorporate these techniques into your daily routine.

Facts about fat loss:

  • A calorie deficit is necessary for fat loss: To lose fat, you need to burn more calories than you consume. This can be achieved through diet and exercise, or a combination of both.
  • Whole, unprocessed foods are generally more effective for fat loss: These types of foods tend to be more nutrient-dense and lower in calories, which can help with creating a calorie deficit.
  • Protein is important for fat loss: Protein can help to increase satiety, or the feeling of fullness, which can make it easier to stick to a calorie deficit. In addition, protein has a high thermic effect, meaning that your body expends more energy digesting it compared to fat or carbs.
  • High-fiber foods can be helpful for fat loss: Foods high in fiber tend to be more filling and can help to reduce hunger, which can make it easier to stick to a calorie deficit.
  • Cutting calories too low can be counterproductive: While it is important to create a calorie deficit to lose fat, cutting calories too low can slow down your metabolism and make it harder to lose fat. It is important to find a balance and make sure you are still consuming enough nutrients to support your overall health.
  • Regular exercise is important for fat loss: In addition to diet, regular exercise can help to increase calorie expenditure and promote fat loss. It is important to find physical activities that you enjoy and that are feasible for your lifestyle.
  • Sustainable lifestyle changes are key for long-term fat loss: While it is possible to see significant changes in a short amount of time through crash dieting or extreme exercise, these changes are often not sustainable and can lead to weight regain. A slow and steady approach, with a focus on making sustainable lifestyle changes, is typically the most effective way to achieve long-term fat loss.

Sleep is very important for fat loss for several reasons, which are supported by evidence:

  • Lack of sleep can lead to an increase in appetite: When we are sleep deprived, our bodies produce higher levels of the hormone ghrelin, which stimulates appetite. At the same time, levels of the hormone leptin, which suppresses appetite, decrease. This can lead to an increase in hunger and cravings for high-calorie, unhealthy foods.
  • Lack of sleep can lead to an increase in calorie intake: Studies have shown that people who get less sleep tend to consume more calories than those who get enough sleep. This can make it harder to create a calorie deficit and lose fat.
  • Lack of sleep can lead to a decrease in physical activity: When we are tired, we may be less motivated to exercise or engage in physical activity. This can lead to a decrease in calorie expenditure and make it harder to lose fat.
  • Lack of sleep can lead to an increase in stress: Stress can lead to an increase in the production of the hormone cortisol, which can contribute to weight gain, particularly in the abdominal area. Getting enough sleep can help to reduce stress and prevent an increase in cortisol production.
  • Lack of sleep can affect metabolism: Chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to impaired metabolism, which can make it harder to lose fat. Adequate sleep is important for maintaining a healthy metabolism and supporting fat loss.

In summary, getting enough sleep is important for fat loss for several reasons. It can help to reduce appetite and calorie intake, increase physical activity, reduce stress, and maintain a healthy metabolism. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night to support fat loss.


If you are someone looking for a nutritionist’s guidance and find yourself encountering terms you don’t understand, you have come to the right place.


The nutritionist might tell you many things in Greek and Latin and you might be confused. It is true that some of our clients feel the same way when we suggest they take supplements to combat deficiencies. When we explain to them that they aren’t allergic but intolerant, they seem to get a tad confused. It is also possible that some people have a misconception about processed foods. 


By understanding the most commonly used terminologies and their differences, you will be better able to understand what you eat and what your nutritionist recommends.




Most of us confuse the terms nutrient and nutrition. The term nutrition encompasses the term nutrient. 


Nutrients – are substances that are required for the nourishment of organisms while 

Nutrition –  is the entire process by which organisms obtain energy and nutrients from food.


We might also think food and nutrients are the same.


Food is the source of energy that helps our body to function properly and stay alive.


Nutrients are a part of food, which are used and metabolized by our body cells to provide energy.


Example: Fruit is your food and the vitamins and minerals in it are the nutrients.


Recipe – Smoothie is the food, the carbs, vitamins, minerals, protein, and fat we get from the ingredients are the nutrients.



It is possible to experience adverse reactions after eating certain foods. 


These reactions can be categorized as immunologic (allergic) and non-immunologic (intolerance).


Many people mistake food intolerance for allergy as one of its symptoms is allergy-like reactions.



  • Allergies occur when the body’s immune system responds or overreacts to a particular type of protein. 
  • This protein is usually from foods, pollens, house dust, animal hair, or moulds and they are called allergens. 
  • During allergy, our body produces antibodies to defend substances that are usually harmless.




Food intolerances arise if the body is unable to digest a certain food. This impairment may be due to a lack of digestive enzymes or a sensitivity to certain chemicals.


Food intolerance refers to the body’s inability to digest certain chemicals in food due to lack of enzymes or sensitivity to the chemical.


  • These are chemical reactions that occur that are not immune responses.
  • This often happens when we can’t properly digest particular food or its components. 
  • Food intolerances are uniquely individualized. 


Food allergy is more severe and fatal than food intolerances.


Example for allergy: Peanut allergy or shellfish allergy – A person who is allergic to peanut or shellfish, and eats one of these could even die without medical assistance. 

Symptoms: can start with rashes, hives, and itching and can develop into fatal symptoms like dilation of blood vessels, drop in blood pressure, etc. 


Example of food intolerance: It mostly occurs from enzyme deficiency. 

Many people can be lactose intolerant – they won’t have the enzyme lactase which is necessary to digest lactose, the main sugar in milk.

Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, etc. 



The newest trend buzzing around among people is “saying NO to processed food”.

But one must understand that food does not make it from the farm to the fork unprocessed.

Even the fruits that we eat require some processing before they reach our plates. 

Choosing minimally processed foods is probably a better option than ultra-processed foods.


Processing:  Processing is anything that alters the fundamental nature of agricultural produce, such as freezing, dicing, drying, etc.

  • The nutrients in these foods will still be intact. 

Example: The milk we drink daily requires processing such as pasteurization to extend its shelf life. 


Ultra processing: A technique that converts agricultural produce into an entirely different form is known as ultra processing. 


Highly processed foods, also known as ultra-processed foods, are relatively cheap, convenient, and tasty but contain a lot of refined carbohydrates, saturated fat, and salt. 

  • They could also be referred to as hyper-palatable foods. 

Example: Potato chips, bread, soft drinks, etc.




DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS: A dietary supplement is a vitamin, mineral, herb, or nutrient that a person takes to treat or combat nutritional deficiencies, improve their overall well-being, or improve their overall wellness.

Dietary supplement labels may make certain health-related claims, but they are not intended to treat or cure any specific disease. Dietary supplements are generally safe to consume and cause no adverse reactions. 


MEDICINE: This is a preparation or substance used to treat a particular disease and ease symptoms. Several chemicals are mixed together in laboratories to produce medicines.


For example, fish oil that we consume to lower the cholesterol level is a supplement and the fever medication that we get only with a doctor’s prescription is medicine.




COD LIVER OIL – as the name suggests, it’s derived from codfish livers.

The oils in these fish tend to build up in the liver, and they also contain high levels of vitamins A and D.


FISH OIL – Fish oil comes from the flesh of fatty fishes such as tuna, mackerel, and salmon. 

This results in higher concentrations of EPA and DHA.

Fish oil doesn’t contain Vitamin A or D.


However, cod liver oil often contains a lower concentration of omega 3’s when compared to omega 3 fish oil.




SATURATED FATS: Saturated fat is solid at room temperature due to its chemical structure. 

Foods high in saturated fats tend to be high in cholesterol, hence consuming foods rich in saturated fats tends to cause more diseases. 

It has also been found that foods containing saturated fats are highly processed and contain more sugar and sodium which might have an effect on our body. 

Therefore, saturated fats should always be balanced with other types of fats such as MUFA and PUFA.


Example: butter, cream, cheese, coconut, etc.


TRANS FAT: Trans fat comes from industrial fat processing where saturated or unsaturated fats are processed by adding hydrogen ions to them. 

Trans fats are also solid at room temperature. 

The process of adding hydrogen ions is known as hydrogenation and they extend the shelf life of the product.


Example: margarine, shortenings, etc.


When we talk about nutrition, we often hear the following statements. We even hear some of these statements every day. But how true are they?


In this article, we will debunk 6 such statements:




Our common perception is that flax seeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids.


But in reality, they are a rich source of fiber, but not the best source of omega-3.

The omega-3 fatty acid found in flax seeds is ALA (Alpha-linolenic acid), which our bodies cannot convert to EPA/DHA.


Therefore, the most ideal choice is to consume EPA/DHA-containing foods such as fatty fish, salmon, tuna, etc.




Gluten is a type of protein found in wheat, maida, and rye which is responsible for the elasticity of these flours. 




Individuals with celiac disease or individuals with gluten sensitivity or those who can’t tolerate even small amounts of the protein gluten should go gluten-free. 


If you are not gluten sensitive or have celiac disease, eliminating gluten from your diet can cause nutritional deficiencies. 




Eggs are an economical and easily available source of high-quality protein which is a key source of many essential nutrients. 


Cholesterol is a waxy substance that is produced majorly in our body, forms an important part of our cells and is very important for the proper functioning of our body. 

While cholesterol is important for body functions, high amounts can lead to heart problems. 

But however not all cholesterol is bad, the cholesterol that comes from the foods you eat has a minimal impact because the body naturally regulates the amount of cholesterol that circulates in the blood.




For many years now, we all have been thinking that egg yolk is full of saturated fat. But, the truth is that the major fat portion in eggs comes from MUFA and PUFA. 

Saturated fats when consumed along with MUFA and PUFA don’t show to have much effect on cholesterol.  

Also, if you are still not convinced and are skeptical about consuming whole eggs daily, remember that consuming saturated fats along with lots of ultra-processed foods/refined carbohydrates is unhealthy. 

Instead include eggs as a part of your healthy diet along with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. 




Many people think eating late at night will make them fat but the truth is it doesn’t. 

According to science, a calorie is a calorie taken regardless of the time. 

What causes weight gain is the type of food you eat and the number of calories you eat. 

Most studies suggest that nighttime eaters mostly make poor choices of food. 

Studies show that most people who eat late at night binge eat to keep them awake, for this they rely on hyper-palatable foods that are high in sugar and fats that have low satiety value and make them eat more. 

The second most important point is that the calories that go in from the hyper-palatable foods must be burned out, if not definitely it will make them gain weight. 

VERDICT – Eating late at night is not bad but the type of food we eat matters the most and the calories we eat must be within the limits. 




For most of our lives, breakfast has often been dubbed “BREAKING THE FAST” and is considered one of the most important meals of the day.


They say skipping breakfast might lead you to overeat later in the day.


But, this is not true.


Also, it may not cause you to eat less either. It definitely depends on the individual. 


If you are taking appropriate amounts of calories and nutrients throughout the day, skipping breakfast won’t make much difference. 




A detox diet – is a more popular diet trend that claims to detox/ clean our body and eliminates harmful toxins from our body. 

A typical detox diet involves a period of fasting followed by a diet that includes only fruits, vegetables, fruit juices, and water. Sometimes it might also include herbs, teas, and enema. 


THE TRUTH – our body doesn’t need any detox program or diet, it’s naturally designed to detox itself. Our organs such as the liver, kidney, and lungs are detoxification machines that are naturally designed to get rid of the toxins from our body. 

That means maintaining a healthy diet is important in order to maintain the proper functioning of these organs. 


THE CON – The detox diets can also be dangerous since they include only a particular type of food group and avoid most of them and can cause nutritional deficiencies, electrolyte imbalances, and other problems.